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Xi'an was called Chang'an in ancient time. Historians acclaim Chang'an together with Athens of Greece, Rome of Italy and Istanbul of Turkey as the four capitals of ancient civilization of the world.

Chang'an served as the capital of 11 dynasties in history. From here 73 emperors ruled over China for an aggregate time of 1,100 years. It was from Chang'an in 139 B.C. that Zhang Qian set out on his westward long journey that opened the Silk road. Chang'an subsequently became a juncture where East and West met and grew into the most flourishing capital in the Orient during the Han and Tang dynasties. The importance and prosperity of this ancient capital there left behind a wealth of valuable historical sites. However it is more than those tombs, monasteries and temples of the emperors and the Qin emperor's terra-cotta soldiers and generals. The vicinity of Xi'an has sites of maternal clan societies of some 6,000 years ago - an indication of the profundity of the long Chinese civilization.

Xi'an is the center of politics, economy and culture of Shaanxi and also the largest city in northwest China. It has a population of 2.76 million and covers an area of 157sq. km.


Terracotta Warriors -- Big Wild Goose Pagoda -- The Ancient Ruins at Banpo -- Tombs of Tang Emperors

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